Declaration of SVG on the status of Jerusalem
The Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines urges the Government of the United States of America to refrain from recognising Jerusalem as the capital of the State of Israel. Any such recognition would imperil the internationally-agreed Two-State Solution, destabilize the Middle East region, and invalidate the important role of the United States as an honest broker and driver of the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.
In 1980, in response to an Israeli attempt to declare Jerusalem to be the capital of Israel, the United Nations Security Council condemned that declaration as a violation of international law. The Security Council went on to state that âall legislative and administrative measures and actions taken by Israel, the occupying Power, which have altered or purport to alter the character and status of the Holy City of Jerusalem. . . are null and void and must be rescinded forthwith,â and that such actions âconstitute a serious obstruction to achieving a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East.â
For the past 15 years the United Nations Security Council has âAffirm[ed] a vision of a region where two States, Israel and Palestine, live side by side within secure and recognized borders.â The international community, in consistently reaffirming the two-state solution, has emphasized that the status of Jerusalem is a âfinal statusâ issue to be negotiated by the parties. This position has been reaffirmed in various agreements, including the Camp David Accords, the Oslo Accords, and the Roadmap for Peace proposed by the Quartet on the Middle East, all of which included the United States as a key interlocutor.
In 2011, the United Nations General Assembly âReaffirm[ed] the illegality of Israeli actions aimed at changing the status of Jerusalem . . . and all other unilateral measures aimed at altering the character, status and demographic composition of the city. . .â
The United Nations Security Council stated unequivocally in 2016 âthat it will not recognize any changes to the 4 June 1967 lines, including with regard to Jerusalem, other than those agreed by the parties through negotiations.â
Even more recently, the United Nations Resolution of November 22 2017 stated that the General Assembly âReiterates its determination that any actions taken by Israel, the occupying Power, to impose its laws, jurisdiction and administration on the Holy City of Jerusalem are illegal and therefore null and void and have no validity whatsoever, and calls upon Israel to immediately cease all such illegal and unilateral measures.â
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is therefore deeply concerned about any attempts to deviate from the settled parameters governing the delicate quest for peace between the State of Israel and the State of Palestine. There can be no more destabilizing and potentially incendiary deviation than unilateral declarations concerning the status of Jerusalem. The role of the United States as a valued facilitator and interlocutor would be irreparably compromised by any attempt to preempt the negotiating process by making unilateral pronouncements on final status issues.
While the Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines applauds recent efforts by the United States of America to reinvigorate the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, we urge that such efforts focus on cessation of illegal Israeli settlement activity in Palestinian territory, the removal of impediments to movement and commerce within the State of Palestine, and the fostering of an environment of trust and goodwill that can stimulate meaningful negotiations between the parties.
The decades of painstaking work, to say nothing of the lives lost in the conflict, demand mature, responsible and measured action. Accordingly, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines strongly urges the United States of America to acknowledge that any unilateral declaration on its part regarding the status of Jerusalem will not in any way advance the cause of a just, peaceful and lasting solution to the dispute between the peoples of Israel and Palestine.